THE PLAINS BUFFALO
- Estimated numbers in 1830 = 70 -
- Many of today's highways follow roadways trampled out by
migrating buffalo herds.
- In 1902 our federal government started a restoration project in
Yellowstone and discontinued the hunting of buffalo.
- Named les boeufs meaning oxen or beefs, by the French.
American Frontiersman translated it to buffalo.
- After 1830 the beaver were trapped out, the buffalo robes became
- 1870-1875 estimated 2,500,000 were taken annually for use by the
American fur companies
HOW AMERICAN INDIANS UTILIZED
- Meat To Eat
- Dung For Fires
- Brains For Tanning Hides
- Gallstones For Yellow Paint
- Hooves Boiled To Make Glue
- Horns For Cups And Spoons
- Small Bones For Knives And Tools
- Sinew For Bowstrings And Sewing Thread
- Tails For Shooing Flies
Because it shrinks when dried it was used to fasten stonehead to mallets
and secure war clubs to their handles.
- Because it is waterproof, it was used for storing food and
clothes, making portable water troughs for horses, and for covering circular boats.
- Tanned Hides For Robes
- Fur Used To Build Teepees
- Their Fur Was Used For Trading
Uses for Hides
Taken In The Late Fall
It had long winter hair which was used for
mittens, warm bedding, moccasins, winter caps, and ceremonial headdresses.
View an Excavation